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Title: Regulation of endogenous murine mammary tumor virus expression in C57BL mouse lactating mammary glands: transcription of functional mRNA with a block at the translational level.
Authors: Vaidya AB; Taraschi NE; Tancin SL; Long CA
Journal: J Virol
Volume: 46
Issue: 3
Year: 1983
Pages: 818-28
Abstract: Expression of endogenous murine mammary tumor viruses (MuMTVs) in various mouse strains is regulated in different ways, and in the absence of exogenous MuMTV, this regulation influences the incidence of spontaneous mammary tumors. Two mouse strains with low mammary tumor incidence, BALB/c and C57BL, control endogenous MuMTV expression at different stages. Neither of the strains had any detectable MuMTV polypeptides in its lactating mammary glands (LMG). However, in C57BL LMG, substantial amounts of MuMTV RNA were present, whereas very little viral RNA was detected in BALB/c LMG. By determining MuMTV RNA levels in LMG of hybrids and backcrosses of BALB/c and C57BL mice, we found that there are three unlinked, independently segregating genetic loci in C57BL mice that are responsible for the presence of moderately high amounts of MuMTV RNA in LMG. The viral RNA in C57BL LMG was processed and transported to the cytoplasm where it was found to cosediment with EDTA-sensitive polysomes. No viral proteins were detected in run-off reactions that permit completion of nascent polypeptide synthesis with polysomes from C57BL LMG, and sensitive radioimmunoassays failed to detect any MuMTV proteins in these tissues. In contrast, MuMTV mRNA purified from C57BL LMG did direct the synthesis of both gag and env MuMTV polypeptides when added to a heterologous rabbit reticulocyte lysate cell-free translation system. We propose that MuMTV mRNA in C57BL LMG, for unknown reasons, is blocked at the translational level.
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J:7071  Mouse Genome Informatics
6304344  National Library of Medicine/PubMed