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Title: Possible rare involvement of O6-methylguanine formation as a significant mutational factor in mouse urinary bladder carcinogenesis models.
Authors: Chen T; Yamamoto S; Kitano M; Murai T; Wanibuchi H; Matsukuma S ; Nakatsuru Y ; Ishikawa T ; Fukushima S
Journal: Teratog Carcinog Mutagen
Volume: 18
Issue: 3
Year: 1998
Pages: 101-10
Abstract: O-6-methylguanine is known as one of the major premutagenic lesions in the human and rodent carcinogenesis process. O-6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT), which repairs methylated guanine bases, might prevent the G:C to A:T transition, and transgenic mice carrying this MGMT gene have been reported to be less sensitive to the carcinogenicity of certain alkylating agents. Here we utilized MGMT transgenic mice to assess the significance of O-6-methylguanine formation during urinary bladder carcinogenesis. In experiment 1, 100 and 60 ppm N-butyl-N-(4-hydroxybutyl)nitrosamine was given for 20 weeks to transgenic and non-transgenic mice in their drinking water. The incidences of urinary bladder carcinomas were not different between transgenic mice and non-transgenic mice. The mutational spectrum of the p53 gene was evaluated by polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) analysis and direct sequencing. The pattern of p53 mutations of transgenic and non-transgenic mice did not differ, and the frequencies of mutations were 40% and 42%, respectively. G:C to A:T transition mutations were particularly infrequent (1 of 14 mutations, 7%). In experiment 2, N- methyl-N-nitrosourea, which might induce O-6-methylguanine in affected alleles, was given once a week, 3 times (total 5 mg) by direct instillation into the urinary bladder through an abdominal incision. No significant neoplastic lesions were detected, although the experiment was limited by severe toxicity of the treatment. P53 immunostaining was done and there was no difference in transgenic and non- transgenic mice. These results suggest that O-6- methylguanine formation might not be a significant mutational factor in these mouse urinary bladder carcinogenesis models. (C) 1998 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
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J:49732  Mouse Genome Informatics
9728794  National Library of Medicine/PubMed