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Title: Studies on the pathology, especially brain lesions, induced by R7, a spontaneous mutant of Moloney murine sarcoma virus 124.
Authors: Yuen PH; Kwak YT
Journal: Am J Pathol
Volume: 152
Issue: 6
Year: 1998
Pages: 1509-20
Abstract: We have recently isolated R7, a spontaneous Moloney murine sarcoma virus (MoMuSV) 124 variant. Molecular cloning and sequence analysis showed that, relative to MoMuSV 124, R7 has an extra repeat in each enhancer and a truncated mos gene in frame with the truncated gag coding sequence. This report presents a detailed study on the pathology induced by R7. R7 induced not only sarcomas with well developed angiomatous components but also brain lesions. Brain lesions were observed in all less-than-48-hour-old BALB/c mice inoculated with greater than 2 x 10(5) R7 focus-forming units (FFUs). R7 was detected in all brains examined by day 9 after inoculation, and brain lesions were observed in two of four mice examined by day 14 after inoculation. Light microscopy of brains revealed that approximately 15% of the lesions were unenclosed blood pools of varying sizes containing red blood cells and inflammatory cells spreading into surrounding brain tissues. The remainder of the brain lesions had tumor cells. These lesions ranged from a few enlarged vascular endothelial cells intermixed with blood cells to large circumscribed lesions consisting of well developed tangled masses of vessels surrounded by blood pools. Activated astrocytes surrounded and infiltrated the tumors. In addition, the thymus of R7-infected mice regressed significantly and precipitously due to apoptosis (especially of cortical thymocytes) at the end stage of the disease.
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J:47992  Mouse Genome Informatics
9626055  National Library of Medicine/PubMed