Mouse Tumor Biology Database (MTB)
MTB Home   Help
Search for Help
 
in these sections
Search Forms
Tumor
Strain
Genetics
Pathology Images
Reference
Advanced
Search MTB Using Human Genes
Gene Expression Data Sets

Additional Resources
new PDX Like Me
PDX Finder
PDX Model Search
Faceted Tumor Search
Dynamic Tumor Frequency Grid
Other Cancer Websites
Immunohistochemistry
Lymphoma Pathology

Mouse Genome Informatics
The Jackson Laboratory
Citing These Resources
Warranty Disclaimer
& Copyright Notice

Send Questions and
Comments to User Support.

Last Database Update
2019-12-01
MTB 3.0
 
HelpHelp and Documentation Reference Detail  
Reference
Title: Identification of candidate alkylator-induced cancer susceptibility genes by whole genome scanning in mice.
Authors: Fenske TS; McMahon C; Edwin D; Jarvis JC; Cheverud JM; Minn M; Mathews V; Bogue MA; Province MA; McLeod HL; Graubert TA
Journal: Cancer Res
Volume: 66
Issue: 10
Year: 2006
Pages: 5029-38
Abstract: Secondary malignancies are a serious adverse consequence of alkylator chemotherapy. The risk of developing an alkylator-associated malignancy is influenced by genetic background, although the relevant genetic factors are poorly understood. To screen for novel susceptibility factors, we established a mouse model of alkylator-induced malignancy. We exposed mice from 20 inbred strains to the prototypical alkylating agent, N-nitroso-N-ethylurea (ENU). ENU was a potent carcinogen in many of the strains tested, inducing 140 tumors in 240 ENU-treated mice (66% incidence of at least one tumor in evaluable mice), compared with a background incidence of 8% spontaneous tumors in 240 strain-, age-, and sex-matched control mice (relative risk, 8.4; P < 0.0001). A wide variety of tumor histologies were noted, including epithelial carcinomas, soft tissue sarcomas, and hematopoietic tumors. Cancer susceptibility was a heritable trait for the most common tumor types, lung adenocarcinoma (H(2) = 0.25), T cell lymphoma (H(2) = 0.19), and myeloid malignancies (H(2) = 0.10). Quantitative trait locus mapping identified regions on chromosomes 3, 6, 9, and 15 containing candidate genes associated with lung adenoma, lung carcinoma, and lymphoma susceptibility. This novel mouse model recapitulates many features of human alkylator-associated cancer and supports the hypothesis that susceptibility to this syndrome is influenced by inherited polymorphisms that could be used to make informed clinical treatment decisions.
Additional
Information
in MTB
Tumor Records (147)
Strains (21)
Other
Accession
IDs
J:109061  Mouse Genome Informatics
16707424  National Library of Medicine/PubMed